Adopting UNSCR 1325 in Indonesia: shared experiences, prospects, and challenges

Irine Hiraswari Gayatri


Throughout history, people in various states experience a different degree of impacts caused by armed conflicts. At the global scale, United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 that signed in 2000 on women in an armed conflict marked as a significant step in recognizing women’s role in peace processes as well as its significance in fulfillment of human rights. Since then the nature of world’s conflicts have changed, also the substance of what we sought as peace and security have evolved, as well as what termed as justice has been transformed. Until today 58 countries have adopted UNSCR 1325 as part of national law. This paper looks at the process, strategies and challenges in the formulation of Indonesia’s National Action Plans (NAP) on UNSCR 1325. This paper will describe the process in adopting UNSCR 1325 in Indonesia by elaborating the roles of actors and look at how they perceive and discuss adoption of global norms into national law.  The main question of this paper is “how do structural spaces give effect to the adoption of UNSCR 1325 as a national action plan in Indonesia?” Structural spaces mean political environment that allow dynamics of relations among state and non-state actors and/ or institutions that influence the decision making process in establishing policy. It is expected that this study will add to the discussions on women in peace and conflict, as well as to literature on contemporary International Relations.


Indonesia; UNSCR 1325; Women in armed conflict

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